Advanced Server Installation

This section outlines installing the Netmaker server, including Netmaker, Netmaker UI, rqlite, and CoreDNS.

System Compatibility

Netmaker requires elevated privileges on the host machine to perform network operations. Netmaker must be able to modify interfaces and set firewall rules using iptables.

Typically, Netmaker is run inside of containers, using Docker or Kubernetes.

Netmaker can be run without containers, but this is not recommended. You must run the Netmaker binary, CoreDNS binary, database, and a web server directly on the host.

Each of these components has its own individual requirements and the management complexity increases exponentially by running outside of containers.

For first-time installs, we recommend the quick install guide. The following documents are meant for more advanced installation environments and are not recommended for most users. However, these documents can be helpful in customizing or troubleshooting your own installation.

Server Configuration Reference

Netmaker sets its configuration in the following order of precedence:

  1. Environment Variables: Typically values set in the Docker Compose. This is the most common way of setting server values.

  2. Config File: Values set in the config/environments/*.yaml` file

  3. Defaults: Default values set on the server if no value is provided in configuration.

In most situations, if you wish to modify a server setting, set it in the docker-compose.yml file, then run “docker kill netmaker” and “docker-compose up -d”.

Variable Description

SERVER_NAME

Default: “”

Description: MUST SET THIS VALUE. This is the public, resolvable DNS name of the MQ Broker. For instance: broker.netmaker.example.com.

SERVER_HOST

Default: (Server detects the public IP address of machine)

Description: The public IP of the server where the machine is running.

SERVER_API_CONN_STRING

Default: “”

Description: MUST SET THIS VALUE. This is the public, resolvable address of the API, including the port. For instance: api.netmaker.example.com:443.

COREDNS_ADDR

Default: “”

Description: The public IP of the CoreDNS server. Will typically be the same as the server where Netmaker is running (same as SERVER_HOST).

SERVER_HTTP_HOST

Default: Equals SERVER_HOST if set, “127.0.0.1” if SERVER_HOST is unset.

Description: Should be the same as SERVER_API_CONN_STRING minus the port.

API_PORT:

Default: 8081

Description: Should be the same as the port on SERVER_API_CONN_STRING in most cases. Sets the port for the API on the server.

MASTER_KEY:

Default: “secretkey”

Description: The admin master key for accessing the API. Change this in any production installation.

CORS_ALLOWED_ORIGIN:

Default: “*”

Description: The “allowed origin” for API requests. Change to restrict where API requests can come from.

REST_BACKEND:

Default: “on”

Description: Enables the REST backend (API running on API_PORT at SERVER_HTTP_HOST). Change to “off” to turn off.

AGENT_BACKEND:

Default: “on”

Description: Enables the AGENT backend (GRPC running on GRPC_PORT at SERVER_GRPC_HOST). Change to “off” to turn off.

DNS_MODE:

Default: “off”

Description: Enables DNS Mode, meaning config files will be generated for CoreDNS.

DATABASE:

Default: “sqlite”

Description: Specify db type to connect with. Currently, options include “sqlite”, “rqlite”, and “postgres”.

SQL_CONN:

Default:http://

Description: Specify the necessary string to connect with your local or remote sql database.

SQL_HOST:

Default: “localhost”

Description: Host where postgres is running.

SQL_PORT:

Default: “5432”

Description: port postgres is running.

SQL_DB:

Default: “netmaker”

Description: DB to use in postgres.

SQL_USER:

Default: “postgres”

Description: User for postgres.

SQL_PASS:

Default: “nopass”

Description: Password for postgres.

RCE:

Default: “off”

Description: The server enables you to set PostUp and PostDown commands for nodes, which is standard for WireGuard with wg-quick, but is also Remote Code Execution, which is a critical vulnerability if the server is exploited. Because of this, it’s turned off by default, but if turned on, PostUp and PostDown become editable.

DEFAULT_NODE_LIMIT

Default: “999999999”

Description: Limits the number of nodes allowed on the server (total).

DISPLAY_KEYS

Default: “on”

Description: If “on”, will allow you to always show the key values of “access keys”. This could be considered a vulnerability, so if turned “off”, will only display key values once, and it is up to the users to store the key values locally.

NODE_ID

Default: <system mac addres>

Description: This setting is used for HA configurations of the server, to identify between different servers. Nodes are given ID’s like netmaker-1, netmaker-2, and netmaker-3. If the server is not HA, there is no reason to set this field.

TELEMETRY

Default: “on”

Description: If “on”, the server will send anonymous telemetry data once daily, which is used to improve the product. Data sent includes counts (integer values) for the number of nodes, types of nodes, users, and networks. It also sends the version of the server.

MQ_HOST

Default: (public IP of server)

Description: The address of the mq server. If running from docker compose it will be “mq”. If using “host networking”, it will find and detect the IP of the mq container. Otherwise, need to input address. If not set, it will use the public IP of the server. The port 1883 will be appended automatically. This is the expected reachable port for MQ and cannot be changed at this time.

HOST_NETWORK:

Default: “off”

Description: Whether or not host networking is turned on. Only turn on if configured for host networking (see docker-compose.hostnetwork.yml). Will set host-level settings like iptables and forwarding for MQ.

MANAGE_IPTABLES:

Default: “on”

Description: # Allows netmaker to manage iptables locally to set forwarding rules. Largely for DNS or SSH forwarding (see below). It will also set a default “allow forwarding” policy on the host. It’s better to leave this on unless you know what you’re doing.

PORT_FORWARD_SERVICES:

Default: “”

Description: Comma-separated list of services for which to configure port forwarding on the machine. Options include “mq,dns,ssh”. MQ IS DEPRECIATED, DO NOT SET THIS.’ssh’ forwards port 22 over WireGuard, enabling ssh to server over WireGuard. However, if you set the Netmaker server as an ingress gateway, this will break SSH on external clients, so be careful. DNS enables private DNS over WireGuard. If you would like to use private DNS with ext clients, turn this on.

POD_IP:

Default: “127.0.0.1”

Description: Specific to a Kubernetes installation. Gets the container IP address of the pod where Netmaker is running.

VERBOSITY:

Default: 0

Description: Specify the level of logging you would like on the server. Goes up to 3 for debugging. If you run into issues, up the verbosity.

Config File Reference

A config file may be placed under config/environments/<env-name>.yml. To read this file at runtime, provide the environment variable NETMAKER_ENV at runtime. For instance, dev.yml paired with ENV=dev. Netmaker will load the specified Config file. This allows you to store and manage configurations for different environments. Below is a reference Config File you may use.

server:
  apihost: "" # defaults to 127.0.0.1 or remote ip (SERVER_HOST) if DisableRemoteIPCheck is not set to true. SERVER_API_HOST if set
  apiport: "" # defaults to 8081 or HTTP_PORT (if set)
  grpchost: "" # defaults to 127.0.0.1 or remote ip (SERVER_HOST) if DisableRemoteIPCheck is not set to true. SERVER_GRPC_HOST if set.
  grpcport: "" # defaults to 50051 or GRPC_PORT (if set)
  masterkey: "" # defaults to 'secretkey' or MASTER_KEY (if set)
  allowedorigin: "" # defaults to '*' or CORS_ALLOWED_ORIGIN (if set)
  restbackend: "" # defaults to "on" or REST_BACKEND (if set)
  agentbackend: "" # defaults to "on" or AGENT_BACKEND (if set)
  clientmode: "" # defaults to "on" or CLIENT_MODE (if set)
  dnsmode: "" # defaults to "on" or DNS_MODE (if set)
  sqlconn: "" # defaults to "http://" or SQL_CONN (if set)
  disableremoteipcheck: "" # defaults to "false" or DISABLE_REMOTE_IP_CHECK (if set)
  version: "" # version of server
  rce: "" # defaults to "off"
  mqhost: "" # defaults to "mq"
  nodeid: "" # defaults to macaddress of machine
  messagequeuebackend: "" # default to "on"
  database: "" # defaults to "sqlite"
  verbosity: "" # defaults to 0
  authprovider: "" # defaults to ""
  displaykeys: "" #  defaults to "on"
  manageiptables: "" # defaults to "on"
  portforwardservices: "" # defaults to "", options include "dns" and "ssh"
  hostnetwork: "" # defaults to "off"
  mqport: "" # defaults to 8883
  mqserverport: "" # defaults to 1883
  server: "" # defaults to "", should be broker domain

Compose File - Annotated

All environment variables and options are enabled in this file. It is the equivalent to running the “full install” from the above section. However, all environment variables are included and are set to the default values provided by Netmaker (if the environment variable was left unset, it would not change the installation). Comments are added to each option to show how you might use it to modify your installation.

version: "3.4"

services:
  netmaker: # The Primary Server for running Netmaker
    container_name: netmaker
    image: gravitl/netmaker:v0.15.1
    cap_add: 
      - NET_ADMIN
      - NET_RAW
      - SYS_MODULE
    sysctls:
      - net.ipv4.ip_forward=1
      - net.ipv4.conf.all.src_valid_mark=1
      - net.ipv6.conf.all.disable_ipv6=0
      - net.ipv6.conf.all.forwarding=1
    restart: always
    volumes: # Volume mounts necessary for sql, coredns, and mqtt
      - dnsconfig:/root/config/dnsconfig
      - sqldata:/root/data
      - shared_certs:/etc/netmaker
    environment: # Necessary capabilities to set iptables when running in container
      SERVER_NAME: "broker.NETMAKER_BASE_DOMAIN" # The domain/host IP indicating the mq broker address
      SERVER_HOST: "SERVER_PUBLIC_IP" # Set to public IP of machine.
      SERVER_HTTP_HOST: "api.NETMAKER_BASE_DOMAIN" # Overrides SERVER_HOST if set. Useful for making HTTP available via different interfaces/networks.
      SERVER_API_CONN_STRING: "api.NETMAKER_BASE_DOMAIN:443"
      COREDNS_ADDR: "SERVER_PUBLIC_IP" # Address of the CoreDNS server. Defaults to SERVER_HOST
      DNS_MODE: "on" # Enables DNS Mode, meaning all nodes will set hosts file for private dns settings.
      API_PORT: "8081" # The HTTP API port for Netmaker. Used for API calls / communication from front end. If changed, need to change port of BACKEND_URL for netmaker-ui.
      CLIENT_MODE: "on" # Depricated. CLIENT_MODE should always be ON
      REST_BACKEND: "on" # Enables the REST backend (API running on API_PORT at SERVER_HTTP_HOST). Change to "off" to turn off.
      DISABLE_REMOTE_IP_CHECK: "off" # If turned "on", Server will not set Host based on remote IP check. This is already overridden if SERVER_HOST is set. Turned "off" by default.
      TELEMETRY: "on" # Whether or not to send telemetry data to help improve Netmaker. Switch to "off" to opt out of sending telemetry.
      RCE: "off" # Enables setting PostUp and PostDown (arbitrary commands) on nodes from the server. Off by default.
      MASTER_KEY: "REPLACE_MASTER_KEY" # The admin master key for accessing the API. Change this in any production installation.
      CORS_ALLOWED_ORIGIN: "*" # The "allowed origin" for API requests. Change to restrict where API requests can come from.
      DISPLAY_KEYS: "on" # Show keys permanently in UI (until deleted) as opposed to 1-time display.
      DATABASE: "sqlite" # Database to use - sqlite, postgres, or rqlite
      NODE_ID: "netmaker-server-1" # used for HA - identifies this server vs other servers
      MQ_HOST: "mq"  # the address of the mq server. If running from docker compose it will be "mq". Otherwise, need to input address. If using "host networking", it will find and detect the IP of the mq container.
      MQ_SERVER_PORT: "1883" # the reachable port of MQ by the server - change if internal MQ port changes (or use external port if MQ is not on the same machine)
      MQ_PORT: "443" # the reachable port of MQ - change if external MQ port changes (port on proxy, not necessarily the one exposed in docker-compose)
      HOST_NETWORK: "off" # whether or not host networking is turned on. Only turn on if configured for host networking (see docker-compose.hostnetwork.yml). Will set host-level settings like iptables.
      VERBOSITY: "1" # logging verbosity level - 1, 2, or 3
      MANAGE_IPTABLES: "on" # deprecated
      PORT_FORWARD_SERVICES: "dns" # decide which services to port forward ("dns","ssh", or "mq")
      # this section is for OAuth
      AUTH_PROVIDER: "" # "<azure-ad|github|google|oidc>"
      CLIENT_ID: "" # "<client id of your oauth provider>"
      CLIENT_SECRET: "" # "<client secret of your oauth provider>"
      FRONTEND_URL: "" # "https://dashboard.<netmaker base domain>"
      AZURE_TENANT: "" # "<only for azure, you may optionally specify the tenant for the OAuth>"
      OIDC_ISSUER: "" # https://oidc.yourprovider.com - URL of oidc provider
    ports:
      - "51821-51830:51821-51830/udp" # wireguard ports
    expose:
      - "8081" # api port
    labels: # only for use with traefik proxy (default)
      - traefik.enable=true
      - traefik.http.routers.netmaker-api.entrypoints=websecure
      - traefik.http.routers.netmaker-api.rule=Host(`api.NETMAKER_BASE_DOMAIN`)
      - traefik.http.routers.netmaker-api.service=netmaker-api
      - traefik.http.services.netmaker-api.loadbalancer.server.port=8081
  netmaker-ui:  # The Netmaker UI Component
    container_name: netmaker-ui
    image: gravitl/netmaker-ui:v0.15.1
    depends_on:
      - netmaker
    links:
      - "netmaker:api"
    restart: always
    environment:
      BACKEND_URL: "https://api.NETMAKER_BASE_DOMAIN" # URL where UI will send API requests. Change based on SERVER_HOST, SERVER_HTTP_HOST, and API_PORT
    expose:
      - "80"
    labels:
      - traefik.enable=true
      - traefik.http.middlewares.nmui-security.headers.accessControlAllowOriginList=*.NETMAKER_BASE_DOMAIN
      - traefik.http.middlewares.nmui-security.headers.stsSeconds=31536000
      - traefik.http.middlewares.nmui-security.headers.browserXssFilter=true
      - traefik.http.middlewares.nmui-security.headers.customFrameOptionsValue=SAMEORIGIN
      - traefik.http.middlewares.nmui-security.headers.customResponseHeaders.X-Robots-Tag=none
      - traefik.http.middlewares.nmui-security.headers.customResponseHeaders.Server= # Remove the server name
      - traefik.http.routers.netmaker-ui.entrypoints=websecure
      - traefik.http.routers.netmaker-ui.middlewares=nmui-security@docker
      - traefik.http.routers.netmaker-ui.rule=Host(`dashboard.NETMAKER_BASE_DOMAIN`)
      - traefik.http.routers.netmaker-ui.service=netmaker-ui
      - traefik.http.services.netmaker-ui.loadbalancer.server.port=80
  coredns: # The DNS Server. CoreDNS can be removed unless doing special advanced use cases
    container_name: coredns
    image: coredns/coredns
    command: -conf /root/dnsconfig/Corefile
    depends_on:
      - netmaker
    restart: always
    volumes:
      - dnsconfig:/root/dnsconfig
  traefik: # the default proxy - can be replaced with caddy or nginx, but requires careful configuration
    image: traefik:v2.6
    container_name: traefik
    command:
      - "--certificatesresolvers.http.acme.email=YOUR_EMAIL"
      - "--certificatesresolvers.http.acme.storage=/letsencrypt/acme.json"
      - "--certificatesresolvers.http.acme.tlschallenge=true"
      - "--entrypoints.websecure.address=:443"
      - "--entrypoints.websecure.http.tls=true"
      - "--entrypoints.websecure.http.tls.certResolver=http"
      - "--log.level=INFO"
      - "--providers.docker=true"
      - "--providers.docker.exposedByDefault=false"
      - "--serverstransport.insecureskipverify=true"
    restart: always
    volumes:
      - /var/run/docker.sock:/var/run/docker.sock:ro
      - traefik_certs:/letsencrypt
    ports:
      - "443:443"
  mq: # the MQTT broker for netmaker
    container_name: mq
    image: eclipse-mosquitto:2.0.11-openssl
    depends_on:
      - netmaker
    restart: unless-stopped
    volumes:
      - /root/mosquitto.conf:/mosquitto/config/mosquitto.conf # need to pull conf file from github before running (under docker/mosquitto.conf)
      - mosquitto_data:/mosquitto/data
      - mosquitto_logs:/mosquitto/log
      - shared_certs:/mosquitto/certs
    expose:
      - "8883"
    labels:
      - traefik.enable=true
      - traefik.tcp.routers.mqtts.rule=HostSNI(`broker.NETMAKER_BASE_DOMAIN`)
      - traefik.tcp.routers.mqtts.tls.passthrough=true
      - traefik.tcp.services.mqtts-svc.loadbalancer.server.port=8883
      - traefik.tcp.routers.mqtts.service=mqtts-svc
      - traefik.tcp.routers.mqtts.entrypoints=websecure
volumes:
  traefik_certs: {} # ssl certificates - auto generated
  shared_certs: {} # netmaker certs generated for MQ comms - used by nodes/servers
  sqldata: {} # storage for embedded sqlite
  dnsconfig: {} # storage for coredns
  mosquitto_data: {} # storage for mqtt data
  mosquitto_logs: {} # storage for mqtt logs

Available docker-compose files

The default options for docker-compose can be found here: https://github.com/gravitl/netmaker/tree/master/compose

The following is a brief description of each:

  • docker-compose.yml -= This maintains the most recommended setup at the moment, using the Traefik proxy.

  • docker-compose.reference.yml - This is the same as docker-compose.yml but with all variable options on display and annotated (it’s what we show right above this section). Use this to determine which variables you should add or change in your configuration.

No DNS - CoreDNS Disabled

CoreDNS is no longer required for most installs. You can simply remove the CoreDNS section from your docker-compose. DNS will still function because it is added directly to nodes’ hosts files (ex: /etc/hosts). If you would like to disable DNS propagation entirely, in your docker-compose env for netmaker, set DNS_MODE=”off”

Linux Install without Docker

Most systems support Docker, but some do not. In such environments, there are many options for installing Netmaker. Netmaker is available as a binary file, and there is a zip file of the Netmaker UI static HTML on GitHub. Beyond the UI and Server, you may want to optionally install a database (SQLite is embedded, rqlite or postgres are supported) and CoreDNS (also optional).

Once this is enabled and configured for a domain, you can continue with the below. The recommended server runs Ubuntu 20.04.

Database Setup (optional)

You can run the netmaker binary standalone and it will run an embedded SQLite server. Data goes in the data/ directory. Optionally, you can run PostgreSQL or rqlite. Instructions for rqlite are below.

  1. Install rqlite on your server: https://github.com/rqlite/rqlite

  2. Run rqlite: rqlited -node-id 1 ~/node.1

If using rqlite or postgres, you must change the DATABASE environment/config variable and enter connection details.

Server Setup (using sqlite)

  1. Get the binary. wget -O /etc/netmaker/netmaker https://github.com/gravitl/netmaker/releases/download/$VERSION/netmaker

  2. Move the binary to /usr/sbin and make it executable.

  3. create a config file. /etc/netmaker/netmaker.yaml

server:
  server: "broker.<YOUR_BASE_DOMAIN>"
  apiport: "8081"
  apiconn: "api.<YOUR_BASE_DOMAIN>:443"
  masterkey: "<SECRET_KEY>"
  mqhost: "127.0.0.1"
  mqport: "8883"
  1. Update YOUR_BASE_DOMAIN and SECRET_KEY

  2. create your netmaker.service file /etc/systemd/system/netmaker.service

[Unit]
Description=Netmaker Server
After=network.target

[Service]
Type=simple
Restart=on-failure

ExecStart=/usr/sbin/netmaker -c /etc/netmaker/netmaker.yaml

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
  1. systemctl daemon-reload

  2. Check status: sudo journalctl -u netmaker

  3. If any settings are incorrect such as host or sql credentials, change them under /etc/netmaker/netmaker.yaml and then run sudo systemctl restart netmaker

UI Setup

The following uses Caddy as a file server/proxy.

  1. Download and Unzip UI asset files from https://github.com/gravitl/netmaker-ui/releases and put them in /var/www/netmaker

    sudo wget -O /tmp/netmaker-ui.zip https://github.com/gravitl/netmaker-ui/releases/download/latest/netmaker-ui.zip sudo unzip /tmp/netmaker-ui.zip -d /var/www/netmaker

  2. Create config.js in /var/www/netmaker

    window.REACT_APP_BACKEND='https://api.<YOUR_BASE_DOMAIN>'

Proxy / Http server

Caddy

  1. Install Caddy

  2. Caddyfile contents

{
    # LetsEncrypt account
    email <YOUR_EMAIL>
}

# Dashboard
https://dashboard.<YOUR_BASE_DOMAIN> {
    header {
        Access-Control-Allow-Origin *.<YOUR_BASE_DOMAIN>
        Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=31536000;"
        X-XSS-Protection "1; mode=block"
        X-Frame-Options "SAMEORIGIN"
        X-Robots-Tag "none"
        -Server
    }
    root * /var/www/netmaker
    file_server
}

# API
https://api.<YOUR_BASE_DOMAIN> {
    reverse_proxy http://127.0.0.1:8081
}
  1. start Caddy

MQ

You will need an MQTT broker on the host. We recommend Mosquitto. In addition, it must use the mosquitto.conf file.

per_listener_settings true

listener 8883
allow_anonymous false
require_certificate true
use_identity_as_username false
cafile /etc/mosquitto/certs/root.pem
certfile /etc/mosquitto/certs/server.pem
keyfile /etc/mosquitto/certs/server.key

listener 1883
allow_anonymous true

Start netmaker copy root.pem, server.pem, and server.key from /etc/netmaker to /etc/mosquitto/certs/ restart mosquitto

Kubernetes Install

Server Install

This template assumes your cluster uses Nginx for ingress with valid wildcard certificates. If using an ingress controller other than Nginx (ex: Traefik), you will need to manually modify the Ingress entries in this template to match your environment.

This template also requires RWX storage. Please change references to storageClassName in this template to your cluster’s Storage Class.

wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/gravitl/netmaker/master/kube/netmaker-template.yaml

Replace the NETMAKER_BASE_DOMAIN references to the base domain you would like for your Netmaker services (ui,api,grpc). Typically this will be something like netmaker.yourwildcard.com.

sed -i ‘s/NETMAKER_BASE_DOMAIN/<your base domain>/g’ netmaker-template.yaml

Now, assuming Ingress and Storage match correctly with your cluster configuration, you can install Netmaker.

kubectl create ns nm
kubectl config set-context --current --namespace=nm
kubectl apply -f netmaker-template.yaml -n nm

In about 3 minutes, everything should be up and running:

kubectl get ingress nm-ui-ingress-nginx

Netclient Daemonset

The following instructions assume you have Netmaker running and a network you would like to add your cluster into. The Netmaker server does not need to be running inside of a cluster for this.

wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/gravitl/netmaker/master/kube/netclient-template.yaml
sed -i ‘s/ACCESS_TOKEN_VALUE/< your access token value>/g’ netclient-template.yaml
kubectl apply -f netclient-template.yaml

For a more detailed guide on integrating Netmaker with MicroK8s, check out this guide.

Nginx Reverse Proxy Setup with https

The Swag Proxy makes it easy to generate a valid SSL certificate for the config below. Here is the documentation for the installation.

The following file configures Netmaker as a subdomain. This config is an adaption from the swag proxy project.

./netmaker.subdomain.conf:

server {
    # Redirect HTTP to HTTPS.
    listen 80;
    server_name *.netmaker.example.org; # Please change to your domain
    return 301 https://$host$request_uri;
    }

server {
    listen 443 ssl;
    listen [::]:443 ssl;
    server_name dashboard.netmaker.example.org; # Please change to your domain
    include /config/nginx/ssl.conf;
    location / {
        proxy_pass http://<NETMAKER_IP>:8082;
        }
    }

server {
    listen 443 ssl;
    listen [::]:443 ssl;
    server_name api.netmaker.example.org; # Please change to your domain
    include /config/nginx/ssl.conf;

    location / {
        proxy_pass http://<NETMAKER_IP>:8081;
        proxy_set_header            Host api.netmaker.example.org; # Please change to your domain
        proxy_pass_request_headers  on;
        }
    }

Nginx Proxy Manager Setup

To use Netmaker with Nginx Proxy Manager, three proxy hosts should be added, one for each subdomain used by netmaker. Each subdomain should have SSL enable and be configured as follows:

api.netmaker.example.com:
Forward Hostname/IP: netmaker
Forward Port: 8081
dashboard.netmaker.example.com:
Forward Hostname/IP: netmaker-ui
Forward Port: 80
grpc.netmaker.example.com:
Forward Hostname/IP: netmaker
Forward Port: 50051
Custom Locations:
Add location /
Forward Hostname/IP: netmaker
Forward Port: 50051
Custom config (gear button): grpc_pass netmaker:50051;

The following is a cleaned up config generated by Nginx Proxy Manager to show how nginx can be configured to support Netmaker. This does not include the neccessary SSL configuration.

# ------------------------------------------------------------
# dashboard.netmaker.example.com
# ------------------------------------------------------------
server {
  set $forward_scheme http;
  set $server         "netmaker-ui";
  set $port           80;
listen 80;
listen [::]:80;
listen 443 ssl http2;
listen [::]:443 ssl http2;
server_name dashboard.netmaker.example.com;
  location / {
    # Proxy!
    include conf.d/include/proxy.conf;
        #above file includes:
        #add_header       X-Served-By $host;
        #proxy_set_header Host $host;
        #proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Scheme $scheme;
        #proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto  $scheme;
        #proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For    $remote_addr;
        #proxy_set_header X-Real-IP          $remote_addr;
        #proxy_pass       $forward_scheme://$server:$port$request_uri;
  }
}

# ------------------------------------------------------------
# api.netmaker.example.com
# ------------------------------------------------------------
server {
  set $forward_scheme http;
  set $server         "netmaker";
  set $port           8081;
listen 80;
listen [::]:80;
listen 443 ssl http2;
listen [::]:443 ssl http2;
  server_name api.netmaker.example.com;
  location / {
    # Proxy!
    include conf.d/include/proxy.conf;
        #above file includes:
        #add_header       X-Served-By $host;
        #proxy_set_header Host $host;
        #proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Scheme $scheme;
        #proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto  $scheme;
        #proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For    $remote_addr;
        #proxy_set_header X-Real-IP          $remote_addr;
        #proxy_pass       $forward_scheme://$server:$port$request_uri;
  }
}

# ------------------------------------------------------------
# grpc.netmaker.example.com
# ------------------------------------------------------------
server {
  set $forward_scheme http;
  set $server         "netmaker";
  set $port           50051;
listen 80;
listen [::]:80;
listen 443 ssl http2;
listen [::]:443 ssl http2;
  server_name grpc.netmaker.example.com;
  location / {
    proxy_set_header Host $host;
    proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Scheme $scheme;
    proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto  $scheme;
    proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For    $remote_addr;
    proxy_set_header X-Real-IP          $remote_addr;
    proxy_pass       http://netmaker:50051;
    grpc_pass netmaker:50051;
  }
}

Highly Available Installation (Kubernetes)

Netmaker comes with a Helm chart to deploy with High Availability on Kubernetes:

helm repo add netmaker https://gravitl.github.io/netmaker-helm/
helm repo update

Requirements

To run HA Netmaker on Kubernetes, your cluster must have the following: - RWO and RWX Storage Classes (RWX is only required if running Netmaker with DNS Management enabled). - An Ingress Controller and valid TLS certificates - This chart can currently generate ingress for Nginx or Traefik Ingress with LetsEncrypt + Cert Manager - If LetsEncrypt and CertManager are not deployed, you must manually configure certificates for your ingress

Furthermore, the chart will by default install and use a postgresql cluster as its datastore.

A minimal HA install of Netmaker can be run with the following command: helm install netmaker –generate-name –set baseDomain=nm.example.com This install has some notable exceptions: - Ingress must be manually configured post-install (need to create valid Ingress with TLS) - Server will use “userspace” WireGuard, which is slower than kernel WG - DNS will be disabled

Example Installations:

An annotated install command:

helm install netmaker/netmaker --generate-name \ # generate a random id for the deploy
--set baseDomain=nm.example.com \ # the base wildcard domain to use for the netmaker api/dashboard/grpc ingress
--set replicas=3 \ # number of server replicas to deploy (3 by default)
--set ingress.enabled=true \ # deploy ingress automatically (requires nginx or traefik and cert-manager + letsencrypt)
--set ingress.className=nginx \ # ingress class to use
--set ingress.tls.issuerName=letsencrypt-prod \ # LetsEncrypt certificate issuer to use
--set dns.enabled=true \ # deploy and enable private DNS management with CoreDNS
--set dns.clusterIP=10.245.75.75 --set dns.RWX.storageClassName=nfs \ # required fields for DNS
--set postgresql-ha.postgresql.replicaCount=2 \ # number of DB replicas to deploy (default 2)

The below command will install netmaker with two server replicas, a coredns server, and ingress with routes of api.nm.example.com, grpc.nm.example.com, and dashboard.nm.example.com. CoreDNS will be reachable at 10.245.75.75, and will use NFS to share a volume with Netmaker (to configure dns entries).

helm install netmaker/netmaker --generate-name --set baseDomain=nm.example.com \
--set replicas=2 --set ingress.enabled=true --set dns.enabled=true \
--set dns.clusterIP=10.245.75.75 --set dns.RWX.storageClassName=nfs \
--set ingress.className=nginx

The below command will install netmaker with three server replicas (the default), no coredns, and ingress with routes of api.netmaker.example.com, grpc.netmaker.example.com, and dashboard.netmaker.example.com. There will be one UI replica instead of two and one database instance instead of two. Traefik will look for a ClusterIssuer named “le-prod-2” to get valid certificates for the ingress.

helm3 install netmaker/netmaker --generate-name \
--set baseDomain=netmaker.example.com --set postgresql-ha.postgresql.replicaCount=1 \
--set ui.replicas=1 --set ingress.enabled=true \
--set ingress.tls.issuerName=le-prod-2 --set ingress.className=traefik

Below, we discuss the considerations for Ingress, Kernel WireGuard, and DNS.

Ingress

To run HA Netmaker, you must have ingress installed and enabled on your cluster with valid TLS certificates (not self-signed). If you are running Nginx as your Ingress Controller and LetsEncrypt for TLS certificate management, you can run the helm install with the following settings:

  • –set ingress.enabled=true

  • –set ingress.annotations.cert-manager.io/cluster-issuer=<your LE issuer name>

If you are not using Nginx or Traefik and LetsEncrypt, we recommend leaving ingress.enabled=false (default), and then manually creating the ingress objects post-install. You will need three ingress objects with TLS:

  • dashboard.<baseDomain>

  • api.<baseDomain>

  • grpc.<baseDomain>

If deploying manually, the gRPC ingress object requires special considerations. Look up the proper way to route grpc with your ingress controller. For instance, on Traefik, an IngressRouteTCP object is required.

There are some example ingress objects in the kube/example folder.

Kernel WireGuard

If you have control of the Kubernetes worker node servers, we recommend first installing WireGuard on the hosts, and then installing HA Netmaker in Kernel mode. By default, Netmaker will install with userspace WireGuard (wireguard-go) for maximum compatibility and to avoid needing permissions at the host level. If you have installed WireGuard on your hosts, you should install Netmaker’s helm chart with the following option:

  • –set wireguard.kernel=true

DNS

By Default, the helm chart will deploy without DNS enabled. To enable DNS, specify with:

  • –set dns.enabled=true

This will require specifying a RWX storage class, e.g.:

  • –set dns.RWX.storageClassName=nfs

This will also require specifying a service address for DNS. Choose a valid ipv4 address from the service IP CIDR for your cluster, e.g.:

  • –set dns.clusterIP=10.245.69.69

This address will only be reachable from hosts that have access to the cluster service CIDR. It is only designed for use cases related to k8s. If you want a more general-use Netmaker server on Kubernetes for use cases outside of k8s, you will need to do one of the following: - bind the CoreDNS service to port 53 on one of your worker nodes and set the COREDNS_ADDRESS equal to the public IP of the worker node - Create a private Network with Netmaker and set the COREDNS_ADDRESS equal to the private address of the host running CoreDNS. For this, CoreDNS will need a node selector and will ideally run on the same host as one of the Netmaker server instances.

Values

To view all options for the chart, please visit the README in the code repo here .

Highly Available Installation (VMs/Bare Metal)

For an enterprise Netmaker installation, you will need a server that is highly available, to ensure redundant WireGuard routing when any server goes down. To do this, you will need:

  1. A load balancer

  2. 3+ Netmaker server instances

  3. rqlite or PostgreSQL as the backing database

These documents outline general HA installation guidelines. Netmaker is highly customizable to meet a wide range of enterprise environments. If you would like support with an enterprise-grade Netmaker installation, you can schedule a consultation here .

The main consideration for this document is how to configure rqlite. Most other settings and procedures match the standardized way of making applications HA: Load balancing to multiple instances, and sharing a DB. In our case, the DB (rqlite) is distributed, making HA data more easily achievable.

If using PostgreSQL, follow their documentation for installing in HA mode and skip step #2.

1. Load Balancer Setup

Your load balancer of choice will send requests to the Netmaker servers. Setup is similar to the various guides we have created for Nginx, Caddy, and Traefik. SSL certificates must also be configured and handled by the LB.

2. rqlite Setup

rqlite is the included distributed datastore for an HA Netmaker installation. If you have a different corporate database you wish to integrate, Netmaker is easily extended to other DB’s. If this is a requirement, please contact us.

Assuming you use rqlite, you must run it on each Netmaker server VM, or alongside that VM as a container. Setup a config.json for database credentials (password supports BCRYPT HASHING) and mount in working directory of rqlite and specify with -auth config.json :

[{
    "username": "netmaker",
    "password": "<YOUR_DB_PASSWORD>",
    "perms": ["all"]
}]

Once your servers are set up with rqlite, the first instance must be started normally, and then additional nodes must be added with the “join” command. For instance, here is the first server node:

sudo docker run -d -p 4001:4001 -p 4002:4002 rqlite/rqlite -node-id 1 -http-addr 0.0.0.0:4001 -raft-addr 0.0.0.0:4002 -http-adv-addr 1.2.3.4:4001 -raft-adv-addr 1.2.3.4:4002 -auth config.json

And here is a joining node:

sudo docker run -d -p 4001:4001 -p 4002:4002 rqlite/rqlite -node-id 2 -http-addr 0.0.0.0:4001 -raft-addr 0.0.0.0:4002 -http-adv-addr 2.3.4.5:4001  -raft-adv-addr 2.3.4.5:4002 -join https://netmaker:<YOUR_DB_PASSWORD>@1.2.3.4:4001

Once rqlite instances have been configured, the Netmaker servers can be deployed.

3. Netmaker Setup

Netmaker will be started on each node with default settings, except with DATABASE=rqlite (or DATABASE=postgress) and SQL_CONN set appropriately to reach the local rqlite instance. rqlite will maintain consistency with each Netmaker backend.

If deploying HA with PostgreSQL, you will connect with the following settings:

SQL_HOST = <sql host>
SQL_PORT = <port>
SQL_DB   = <designated sql DB>
SQL_USER = <your user>
SQL_PASS = <your password>
DATABASE = postgres

4. Other Considerations

This is enough to get a functioning HA installation of Netmaker. However, you may also want to make the Netmaker UI or the CoreDNS server HA as well. The Netmaker UI can simply be added to the same servers and load balanced appropriately. For some load balancers, you may be able to do this with CoreDNS as well.

Security Settings

In some cases, it is useful to secure your web dashboard behind a firewall so it can only be accessed in that location. However, you may not want the API behind that firewall so the other nodes can interact with the network without the heightened security. This can be done in the netmaker-ui section of your docker-compose.yml file.

  1. In the labels section, add the following line:

traefik.http.middlewares.nmui-security-1.ipwhitelist.sourcerange=YOUR_IP_CIDR
  1. Then look for this line:

traefik.http.routers.netmaker-ui.middlewares=nmui-security@docker

and change it to this:

traefik.http.routers.netmaker-ui.middlewares=nmui-security-1@docker,nmui-security@docker

Replace YOUR_IP_CIDR with the whitelist ip range (can be multiple ranges).

After that, docker-compose down && docker-compose up -d and you should be all set. You can now keep your dashboard secure and your API more available without having to change netmaker-ui ports.